Nano Bible text size

The size of Jerusalem Nano Bible
In 2015, the Jerusalem Nano Bible was nominated for the title - "The Smallest Bible in the World" in the Guinness Book of Records

Nano text size
In the picture above you can see a text from the Bible from the nano chip magnified using an electron microscope

Size comparison
One nanometer is 10 to the ninth power of a meter.
The comparison is like the ratio between a sphere and the earth.

electron microscope
The smallest object observed in an optical microscope is 200 nanometers in size. (not to be confused with an electron microscope)

Psalm 23, verse 4

Even though I walked in the valley of Zalmoth, I did not fear evil because you are the pillar of your tribe and your support is my mercy.

The nano scale

DNA strand

2.5 nanometers wide

A human DNA strand is about 2.5 nanometers in diameter. There are 25,400,000 nanometers in one inch.

UV wavelength

60 nanometers wide

UV (ultraviolet) lighting is radiomagnetic radiation.

The size of one letter in the Bible

with a width of 600 +\- nanometers

To successfully read the Bible, an electron microscope with a zoom of X1,000 is needed.

one hair

100,000 +\- nanometer wide

A human hair is about 80,000-100,000 nanometers thick

The surface of Nano Babel

the materials
Jerusalem Nano Babel's chips are made from silicon "wafer", a thin slice of semi-conducting material produced from sand. Usually used for electronic circuits.

Not an electronic device
Jerusalem Nano Bible is not an electronic device and is not connected to the Internet. We created a renewed use with a new purpose of the nanotechnology to create the Bible in the size of 5x5 mm on a "wafer" surface.

The digital text file
Using special software, the nanotechnology scientists created a computerized file or image of the entire book of the Bible that is eventually projected onto the smallest surfaces in the world.

Bible surface
The text is covered with a protective layer made of 500 mm of china and silicon oxynitride. The letters are printed or engraved in aluminum at a depth of 450 mm.

The production process of the nano baby

1 • The production process

Start with a silicon wafer with a diameter of 200 mm and a thickness of 0.7 mm. A mixture of silicon oxide and aluminum is placed in layers on the substrate and covered with a photosensitive or photoresist material.

2 • Lithography

The tact is printed on a transparent mask, which is 4 times larger than the size of the final print on the chip.

The print on the mask is exposed to the photoresist material during its reduction to its final size.

3 • Development\ engraving

Etch the aluminum material through the photoresist layer and copy the pattern to the aluminum layer. The photoresist is then removed.

4 • Protection layer

A protective layer made of China and silicon oxide is placed on the wafer and goes through a polishing process from 0.7 mm to 0.4 mm.

The chips are then cut to their final size.